## Glossary

 Triple Double Bonus Video poker game. See Triple Double Bonus paytable. Triple Poker Video poker game. See Triple Poker paytable. Triple-Play See 3-play. Trips (s) Three of a kind(p) plural of tripSee also: Three of a kind. Two Pair Two different pairs occurring in the same hand. For example, a pair of twos and a pair of tens with an ace kicker: UD Abbreviation for Ugly Ducks. Ugly Ducks A Deuces wild VP games with an return of less than 99.0 Upright A video poker or slot machine whose display is primarily or mostly vertical as opposed to a slant-top or bar-topSee also: Bar-top, Slant-top. VAR Abbreviation for Variance. Variance A measure of the variability of a data set or random process. The variance describes how far values lie from the mean (the first moment of the distribution), and is used, along with the mean, and higher moments, to characterize a probability distribution. The Variance is defined as the expectation of (X-µ)^2 where X is value and µ is the expected value or mean. While the combination of the variance and the mean fully describe a normal distribution (gaussian) they are not sufficient to describe the strongly non-normal distribution for video poker. Nonetheless, variance is an important factor to consider and understand in many aspects of video poker. For video poker, typical values of the Variance range roughly from 15 (PKM) to 100 (DBDJ) and is in units of the bet squared.See also: Standard Deviation, Expectation, Expected Value, PKM, DBDJ. Video Lottery Terminal A gaming machine that operates akin to a lottery, whereby a centralized computer system determines the outcomes using a random number generator. Like playing the lottery, playing an Video Lottery Terminal require no strategy or skill. Video poker is not a Video Lottery Terminal. VLT Abbreviation for Video Lottery Terminal. VP Video Poker VPSM TomSki's Video Poker Strategy Master VP Software W2-G An IRS Tax form a casino issues to players who "win" under certain condition. For video poker, a W2-G must be issued for "wins" of \$1200 or more. The \$1200 threshold is fixed and independent of amount wagered. Ironically, a \$5 50-play Video Poker machine (played at max-bet of \$1250), a \$1200 payout would represent a loss. To comply with the IRS law, Video Poker and slot machines "lock up" upon a \$1200 or more "win" and the player must wait for a slot attendant to both unlock the machine (and return it to normal play conditions) and bring the tax form. Non-US residents (non-resident aliens) and players without proper identification (and do not produce a TIN) will have tax withholding taken from their W2-G payouts, while others can opt to receive the entire win. At many casinos, players can request a "reset" which may allow them to return to playing quicker had they had to wait to receive the tax form and payout in the normal means. Often resets are only available in high limit rooms. Players may also request a consolidated W2-G, in which case they will receive a single W2-G for all their jackpots for a specified period of time (usually the "slot day") rather then one W2-G for each win. In general, IRS Form 1099 are not given for Video Poker wins (unless the win involves a free drawing or lottery scenario). Neither a W2-G or 1099 are given for wins paid in "Free Play". Wager A sum of money or representative of value that is risked on an occurrence for which the outcome is uncertain. WHA Common abbreviation for "White Hot Aces" video poker game. See White Hot Aces paytable. Wheel Poker A video poker game in which the wagering of a sixth coin (assuming the base game is a five coin max game) triggers a new mode that gives the player a bonus whenever there is a (natural) four of a kind. The average bonus is approximately 428 units, and it increases the return (relative to the base game) of all video poker games except for (most) wild card games, such as Deuces Wild. The Wheel Poker feature increases the variance of games and necessitates strategy changes to achieve the best return. White Hot Aces Video poker game. See White Hot Aces paytable. Wild Card A card that can be substituted for any card in the deck. The most popular video poker game with Wild Cards is Deuces Wild. Other video poker games use Jokers as a Wild Card. A winning hand without a Wild Card is called a "natural".